Running in Tarahumara culture

Running in Tarahumara culture

Media Release:

“Running in Tarahumara (Rarámuri) Culture,” just published in Current Anthropology (v61, no. 3 (June 2020): 356-379) studies the Tarahumara Native Americans of northern Mexico. For over a century, the Tarahumara have been famous for their long distance running traditions and abilities, with many accounts claiming they have superhuman athletic abilities that partly result from being uncontaminated by westernization. Now an international team of researchers (including a champion Tarahumara runner) combine their own observations with detailed interviews of elderly Tarahumara runners to dispel these stereotypical myths, which they term the “fallacy of the athletic savage.” Lieberman and colleagues use accounts by Tarahumara runners to detail the various ways Tarahumara used to run for hours to hunt animals, and they describe how the Tarahumara still run traditional long distance races that, for men, involve chasing a small wooden ball and, for women, a hoop. While these many different kinds of running have important social dimensions, running is also a spiritually vital form of prayer for the Tarahumara. Further, contrary to the fallacy of the athletic savage, Tarahumara runners –both men and women– struggle just as much as runners from other cultures to run long distances, and instead of being the natural “superathletes” that some journalists have claimed, they develop their endurance from regular hard work and other endurance physical activities such as lots of walking and dancing.

###

Daniel E. Lieberman, Mickey Mahaffey, Silvino Cubesare Quimare, Nicholas B. Holowka, Ian J. Wallace, and Aaron L. Baggish, “Running in Tarahumara (Rarámuri) Culture: Persistence Hunting, Footracing, Dancing, Work, and the Fallacy of the Athletic Savage,” Current Anthropology 61, no. 3 (June 2020): 356-379.

Advertisement:

Bestseller No. 1
The Running Indians: The Tarahumara of Mexico
  • Used Book in Good Condition
  • Lutz, Richard L. (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 91 Pages - 01/01/1989 (Publication Date) - Dimi Pr (Publisher)
Bestseller No. 2
Rarajipari, the Kick Ball Race of the Tarahumara Indians.
  • Amazon Kindle Edition
  • Irigoyen MD, Fructuoso (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 63 Pages - 08/26/2012 (Publication Date) - Don Quixote Editions (Publisher)
Bestseller No. 3
Xero Shoes Genesis - Men's Barefoot Tarahumara Huarache Style Minimalist Lightweight Running Sandals
  • All the fun, freedom, and benefits of being barefoot, but with the protection and comfort you want. Xero Shoes come with our 5,000 mile warranty.
  • Perfect if you hike, walk, run, jog, work out, Cross Fit, yoga, raft, stand up paddle board, kayak, canoe, fly fish, even run ultra-marathons.
  • Better than a flip-flop, the easy-adjust lacing holds comfortably and securely around your foot without pressure points.
  • Super light weight. Flexible enough to roll up and fit in your pack or pocket. Zero-drop non-elevated heel for natural posture. 5.5mm non-marking sole.
  • NOTE: For the best chance of a correct fit, please measure your foot: 1) Place a piece of paper on the floor, against a wall; 2) Step on the paper, your heel against the wall; 3) Mark the paper in line with your longest toe; 4) Measure that length with a ruler; 5) Compare that length to the sizing chart (link, above). To REALLY ensure a correct fit, get printable templates of the exact sizes by contacting the Seller.
Bestseller No. 4
The Tarahumara Indians / photographs by John Running ; text by Martin Melkonian
  • Running, John (Author)
  • 08/01/1983 (Publication Date) - Double Page, Inc (Publisher)
Bestseller No. 5
Goshen
  • Amazon Prime Video (Video on Demand)
  • Chris McDougall, Daphne Miller, Tarahumara Tribe (Actors)
  • Dana Richardson (Director) - Sarah Zentz (Producer)
  • English (Playback Language)
  • English (Subtitle)
Bestseller No. 6
Run Free - The True Story of Caballo Blanco
  • Micah True, Christopher McDougall, Barefoot Ted McDonald (Actors)
  • Sterling Noren (Director)
  • Audience Rating: R (Restricted)
Bestseller No. 7
Born to Run
  • Amazon Kindle Edition
  • McDougall, Christopher (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 306 Pages - 05/04/2009 (Publication Date) - Vintage (Publisher)
Bestseller No. 8
The Running Revolution: How to Run Faster, Farther, and Injury-Free--for Life
  • Amazon Kindle Edition
  • Romanov, Nicholas (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 293 Pages - 09/30/2014 (Publication Date) - Penguin Books (Publisher)
Bestseller No. 9
Tarahumara, Mexico
  • Amazon Prime Video (Video on Demand)
  • Joel Dommett, Nish Kumar (Actors)
  • English (Playback Language)
  • English (Subtitle)
Bestseller No. 10
Vibram Men's V Running Shoe, Black/Yellow, 43 EU/9.5-10 M US
  • Minimalist running shoe featuring perforated upper with adjustable pull tab and cord closure
  • VI-Lite Midsole with XS Run outsole rubber compound
  • Mont Compound rubber pads in the outsole. INSOLE: 2mm EVA Anti-Microbial Drilex Sockliner, MIDSOLE: 4mm EVA
  • Please be aware this product runs one size large. Please size down 1 size from your normal VFF size

I get commissions for purchases made through links on this website. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.

Running the marathon barefoot

Abebe Bikila was a runner from Ethiopia who, running his first marathon won the Rome Olympics marathon on 10 September 1960 running barefoot without running shoes. He was a last minute addition to the Ethiopian team and the teams sponsor did not have enough time to organize running shoes for him and they had only two pairs left, of which neither was able to fitt him. He decided he would then run the race barefoot. At the subsequent Olympics in Tokyo in 1964, he again won the marathon, but did it this time wearing running shoes. He died in 1973 at the age of 41 from complications following a motor vehicle accident. Abebe Bikila is honored and revered in Ethiopia.

Abebe Bikila has a special place in the history of running, especially from those who advocate barefoot running as they hold him up as evidence that a marathon can be run barefoot. There was a fad a while back for doing away with running shoes and running barefoot. This was driven by a lot of websites, forums, books and social media commentary as something that was beneficial and better for runners. Lots of unsubstantiated claims was made for barefoot running, none of which stood up to subsequent scrutiny. This fad last a few years, probably peaking around 2013 with probably 25% of runners trying or dabbling it. The fad quickly dropped off when most who tried it got and injury or realized that it did not live up to all the claims that got made for it. It has now been relegated to the history books, with only a handful of hardcore barefoot runners still doing it.

There has been a lot of research done on barefoot running that those who like to support and advocate barefoot running offer as evidence that barefoot running was better than running in shoes. However, the research never showed that at all and was widely misinterpreted. All the research showed was that barefoot running was different to running in running shoes.

There were claims made that the first sub 2-hr marathon was going to be run barefoot. The folly of that claim is now obvious.

Advertisement:

SaleBestseller No. 1
WHITIN Men's Trail Running Shoes Minimalist Barefoot 5 Five Fingers Wide Width Toe Box Gym Workout Fitness Low Zero Drop Male Light Weight Comfy Lite Tennis FiveFingers Black Size 10
  • A wide toe box lets your toes spread and relax.
  • Produced using animal free products and processes.
  • Removable sockliner (insole) if you want a “more barefoot” feeling.
  • True rubber sole provides great protection while still getting the ground feedback.
  • Note, if between sizes, order next size down
Bestseller No. 2
TSLA Men's Trail Running Shoes, Lightweight Athletic Zero Drop Barefoot Shoes, Non Slip Outdoor Walking Minimalist Shoes, Barefoot Shoes Black & Grey, 10.5
  • Alert : True to size ! Recommend ordering usual shoe size
  • ex: usual size MEN 7 (D) > MEN 7(D)
  • TSLA's Zero-Drop Barefoot Shoes© designed for performance and outdoor trail activities.
  • [Slightly cushioned zero-drop sole] Offers barefoot feel of the terrain that stimulates and develops the bottom muscles the of foot for better stability.
  • [Dura Nylon Band] For instep support and a enhanced tight fit.
Bestseller No. 3
Merrell Men's Trail Glove 5 Sneaker, Black, 12.0 M US
  • Vibram TC5+
  • Merrell Barefoot 2 construction for enhanced proprioception and stability during variable movement
SaleBestseller No. 4
Running Barefoot
  • Audible Audiobook
  • Amy Harmon (Author) - Tavia Gilbert (Narrator)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 03/26/2014 (Publication Date) - Tantor Audio (Publisher)
SaleBestseller No. 5
Weweya Minimalist Shoes Men Five Fingers Cross Training Barefoot Running Shoes Indoor Biking Gym Workout Cycling Spin Exercise Size 11 Black
  • Minimalist Barefoot Style Design - achieve your physical fitness by simulating the true barefoot feeling. For barefoot style shoes new user, please took time to get use to this healthy feeling gradually.
  • Wide Toe Box Safety Design - upgrade toe shoes design, without the separate slots for your toes. Set free your toes as real "barefoot style (a natural stride)" to invoid hurting toes when use.
  • The tongue-less design - foot fits through a collar-like opening to slide into the shoe. Tighten shoeslace (army green shoes come with unique elastic lacing system) to enjoy lightweight "second skin" feeling.
  • Removable Exclusive Arch Support Insole (Zero Drop Style) - gives you enough support to help you strength and exercise your own muscles and bones (provide less support than common running shoes).
  • Indoor Activities-gym deadlifts, squats, lifting, treadmill jogging, yoga, spinning bike, rope skippingaerobics, fitball, hotball, abdomen back stretch, and working out in general Outdoor Activities- camping, casual walking, training, running, jogging, biking, hiking, climbing, camping, and vacation etc.
SaleBestseller No. 6
WHITIN Women's Minimalist Barefoot Shoes Low Zero Drop Trail Running 5 Five Fingers Size 8.5 Wide Toe Box for Female Lady Flat Heel Comfort Comfortable Treadmill Grey Pink 39
  • Zero-drop, non-elevated sole for proper posture and balance.
  • Adjustable hook-and-loop closure at instep for a more secure fit.
  • Removable sockliner (insole) if you want a “more barefoot” feeling.
  • A Wide toe box is flexible enough to let your feet bend, move, and flex the way.
  • SIZE ATTENTION: True to size! If between size, order next size down for snug fit or order next size up for comfort fit. 8-12-2019 Updated size guide based on customer's comments.
Bestseller No. 7
Vibram FiveFingers Mens EL-X Black Athletic Shoes (Black, Numeric_11)
  • Cross-training shoe built for barefoot-like experience featuring breathable mesh upper
  • PU overlays for durability, Zero Drop
  • XS Trek outsole with serrated blade tread pattern
  • Designed to be simple, comfortable, easy on, easy off – the EL-X is an ideal shoe for those looking for a true minimalist experience
SaleBestseller No. 8
WHITIN Men's Trail Running Shoes Minimalist Barefoot 5 Five Fingers Wide Width Toe Box Gym Workout Fitness Low Zero Drop Male Light Weight Comfy Lite Tennis FiveFingers Black Size 10
  • Anatomical shape provides natural comfort.
  • Adaptive materials and minimalist construction.
  • Zero drop from heel to toe for a natural stride.
  • Our vegan friendly footwear uses 0% animal products.
  • Note, if between sizes, order next size down.
Bestseller No. 9
Barefoot Running Step by Step: Barefoot Ken Bob, The Guru of Shoeless Running, Shares His Personal Technique For Running With More
  • Amazon Kindle Edition
  • Wallack, Roy (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 244 Pages - 05/01/2011 (Publication Date) - Fair Winds Press (Publisher)
Bestseller No. 10
Barefoot Walking: Free Your Feet to Minimize Impact, Maximize Efficiency, and Discover the Pleasure of Getting in Touch with the Earth
  • Harmony
  • Sandler, Michael (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 432 Pages - 03/26/2013 (Publication Date) - Harmony (Publisher)

I get commissions for purchases made through links on this website. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.

‘Minimal’ shoes may reduce running injuries

Press Release:

Runners who wear trainers with no cushioning and land on the ball of their foot rather than the heel put significantly less demand on their bodies, new research suggests.

Researchers compared how quickly the force acts when runners’ feet hit the ground — known as the loading rate — which has been shown to influence running injury risk.

The study of 29 runners found significantly lower loading rates for those who wore so-called minimal trainers and landed on the ball of their foot, compared to people in normal running shoes, regardless of whether the latter landed on the heel or ball of the foot.

Lead author Dr Hannah Rice, of the University of Exeter, said: “So many people use running as a means of reducing the risk of chronic diseases, but about three quarters of runners typically get injured in a year.

“Footwear is easily modifiable but many runners are misguided when it comes to buying new trainers. “This research shows that running in minimal shoes and landing on the balls of your feet reduces loading rates and may therefore reduce the risk of injury.”

Running continues to grow in popularity, and research aimed at reducing the high incidence of running-related injuries has been ongoing for decades — but injury rates have not fallen.

Modern-day runners in cushioned footwear tend to land on their heel — known as a “rearfoot strike” — while those who run in the natural barefoot state are more likely to land on the ball of their foot – a “forefoot strike”.

Rearfoot strike runners experience an abrupt vertical impact force each time the foot lands on the ground. This impact force is often missing when running with a forefoot strike, but previous research has shown that forward/backwards and sideways forces can be higher with a forefoot strike, meaning the total force is similar.

Total force seems to be similar between foot strikes if wearing modern, cushioned trainers.

Dr Rice said: “This seems to suggest that, for runners in traditional, cushioned running shoes, foot strike pattern may not matter for injury risk.

“However, we suspected that the same may not be true of runners who regularly use minimal shoes, which don’t have the cushioning provided by traditional running shoes.

“Our research tells us that becoming accustomed to running with a forefoot strike in shoes that lack cushioning promotes a landing with the lowest loading rates, and this may be beneficial in reducing the risk of injury”

Any transition to new footwear or to a different foot strike pattern should be undertaken gradually, and with guidance.

Advertisement:

SaleBestseller No. 1
WHITIN Men's Trail Running Shoes Minimalist Barefoot 5 Five Fingers Wide Width Toe Box Gym Workout Fitness Low Zero Drop Male Sneakers Treadmill Free Athletic Ultra Black Size 11
  • A wide toe box lets your toes spread and relax.
  • Produced using animal free products and processes.
  • Removable sockliner (insole) if you want a “more barefoot” feeling.
  • True rubber sole provides great protection while still getting the ground feedback.
  • Note, if between sizes, order next size down
SaleBestseller No. 2
WHITIN Men's Trail Running Shoes Minimalist Barefoot 5 Five Fingers Wide Width Toe Box Gym Workout Fitness Low Zero Drop Male Light Weight Comfy Lite Tennis FiveFingers Black Size 10
  • Anatomical shape provides natural comfort.
  • Adaptive materials and minimalist construction.
  • Zero drop from heel to toe for a natural stride.
  • Our vegan friendly footwear uses 0% animal products.
  • Note, if between sizes, order next size down.
SaleBestseller No. 3
Joomra Women Barefoot Trail Running Shoes Ladies Wide Minimalist Runners Size 7.5-8 Exercise Trekking Sneakers Gym Antislip Toes Hiking Cycling Footwear Orange 38
  • Rubber outsoles offer the optimal balance of traction and durability, with a responsive feel on unpredictable terrain.circular lug patterns provide grip during movement
  • Removable insoles support the feet’s arches and not cause too much pressure and transfer weight over the ball of the feet.
  • Thicker topline wrapped perfectly around feet, which make shoes not fall off during exercise
  • Reflective strip on heel counter,make sure safty during exercise at night
  • The purpose of minimalist shoes is to give our feet maximum amount of freedom to move and function as if we are walking barefoot.
Bestseller No. 4
TSLA Men's Trail Running Shoes, Lightweight Athletic Zero Drop Barefoot Shoes, Non Slip Outdoor Walking Minimalist Shoes, Barefoot Shoes Black & Grey, 9.5
  • Alert : True to size ! Recommend ordering usual shoe size
  • ex: usual size MEN 7 (D) > MEN 7(D)
  • TSLA's Zero-Drop Barefoot Shoes© designed for performance and outdoor trail activities.
  • [Slightly cushioned zero-drop sole] Offers barefoot feel of the terrain that stimulates and develops the bottom muscles the of foot for better stability.
  • [Dura Nylon Band] For instep support and a enhanced tight fit.
Bestseller No. 5
Merrell womens Vapor Glove 4 Sneaker, Black, 9 US
  • Vibram TC5+
  • Merrell Barefoot 2 construction for enhanced proprioception and stability during variable movement
  • Closure type is: Lace-Up
SaleBestseller No. 6
Oranginer Men's Barefoot Running Shoes Flexible Minimalist Wide Toe Box Zero Drop Shoes for Men Orange Size 11
  • Wide Toe Box Design - Wide enough toe box allows your toes to relax and spread out naturally for more comfort and stability in uphill climbs and downhill descents, helping with balance and giving you better feedback from the ground.
  • Barefoot Inspired - Wearing this barefoot you’ll engage your feet more, and strengthen the muscle fibers that get neglected when you’re all laced up. With stronger accessory muscles in the foot, injury rates were expected to drop and running efficiency would improve.
  • Lightweight & Flexible - The flexible synthetic mesh upper provide breathability when you are doing workout or running, breathable mesh design and insoles can keep your feet away from damp conditions.
  • Various Activities - This trail running shoes are suitable for many occasions, such as walking,training, running, jogging, physical exercises, daily gym sports and so on. You can also wear it as a water shoe.
  • WARRANTEE & CUSTOMER SERVICE - We produce every pair of shoes responsibly. We trust that you will enjoy our shoes so all of our shoes come with a 12 months Warrantee. If for any reason you are not entirely satisfied, please contact us.
SaleBestseller No. 7
Weweya Minimalist Shoes Men Five Fingers Cross Training Barefoot Running Shoes Indoor Biking Gym Workout Cycling Spin Exercise Size 11 Black
  • Minimalist Barefoot Style Design - achieve your physical fitness by simulating the true barefoot feeling. For barefoot style shoes new user, please took time to get use to this healthy feeling gradually.
  • Wide Toe Box Safety Design - upgrade toe shoes design, without the separate slots for your toes. Set free your toes as real "barefoot style (a natural stride)" to invoid hurting toes when use.
  • The tongue-less design - foot fits through a collar-like opening to slide into the shoe. Tighten shoeslace (army green shoes come with unique elastic lacing system) to enjoy lightweight "second skin" feeling.
  • Removable Exclusive Arch Support Insole (Zero Drop Style) - gives you enough support to help you strength and exercise your own muscles and bones (provide less support than common running shoes).
  • Indoor Activities-gym deadlifts, squats, lifting, treadmill jogging, yoga, spinning bike, rope skippingaerobics, fitball, hotball, abdomen back stretch, and working out in general Outdoor Activities- camping, casual walking, training, running, jogging, biking, hiking, climbing, camping, and vacation etc.
SaleBestseller No. 8
Joomra Men's Barefoot Trail Running Shoes Minimal Marathon Cross Trainer Size 9.5 Zero Drop Trekking Sports Treadmill Male Hiking Workout Sneakers Walking Footwear Zapatos para Hombres Black 43
  • Knit&Mesh upper with zero-drop minimal rubber outsole:Lightweight,Breathable,Flexible response
  • Removable insoles support the feets' arches and not cause too much pressure and transfer weight over the ball of the feet
  • lace-up closure for a secure, adjustable fit.
  • A wider than average toe box to allow the forefoot to spread
  • The purpose of minimalist shoes is to give our feet maximum amount of freedom to move and function as if we are walking barefoot
Bestseller No. 9
Vibram Men's V Running Shoe, Black/Yellow, 43 EU/9.5-10 M US
  • Minimalist running shoe featuring perforated upper with adjustable pull tab and cord closure
  • VI-Lite Midsole with XS Run outsole rubber compound
  • Mont Compound rubber pads in the outsole. INSOLE: 2mm EVA Anti-Microbial Drilex Sockliner, MIDSOLE: 4mm EVA
  • Please be aware this product runs one size large. Please size down 1 size from your normal VFF size
Bestseller No. 10
Merrell Women's Vapor Glove 3 Sneaker, Black/Silver, 10 M US
  • Vibram TC5+
  • TrailProtect pad offers underfoot protection

I get commissions for purchases made through links on this website. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.