Running in Tarahumara culture

Running in Tarahumara culture

Media Release:

“Running in Tarahumara (Rarámuri) Culture,” just published in Current Anthropology (v61, no. 3 (June 2020): 356-379) studies the Tarahumara Native Americans of northern Mexico. For over a century, the Tarahumara have been famous for their long distance running traditions and abilities, with many accounts claiming they have superhuman athletic abilities that partly result from being uncontaminated by westernization. Now an international team of researchers (including a champion Tarahumara runner) combine their own observations with detailed interviews of elderly Tarahumara runners to dispel these stereotypical myths, which they term the “fallacy of the athletic savage.” Lieberman and colleagues use accounts by Tarahumara runners to detail the various ways Tarahumara used to run for hours to hunt animals, and they describe how the Tarahumara still run traditional long distance races that, for men, involve chasing a small wooden ball and, for women, a hoop. While these many different kinds of running have important social dimensions, running is also a spiritually vital form of prayer for the Tarahumara. Further, contrary to the fallacy of the athletic savage, Tarahumara runners –both men and women– struggle just as much as runners from other cultures to run long distances, and instead of being the natural “superathletes” that some journalists have claimed, they develop their endurance from regular hard work and other endurance physical activities such as lots of walking and dancing.

###

Daniel E. Lieberman, Mickey Mahaffey, Silvino Cubesare Quimare, Nicholas B. Holowka, Ian J. Wallace, and Aaron L. Baggish, “Running in Tarahumara (Rarámuri) Culture: Persistence Hunting, Footracing, Dancing, Work, and the Fallacy of the Athletic Savage,” Current Anthropology 61, no. 3 (June 2020): 356-379.

Advertisement:

Bestseller No. 1
El Chivo
  • Amazon Prime Video (Video on Demand)
  • Collective Projects (Actor)
  • Rod Murphy (Producer)
  • English (Playback Language)
  • English (Subtitle)
SaleBestseller No. 2
Born to Run: A Hidden Tribe, Superathletes, and the Greatest Race the World Has Never Seen
  • Random House Born to Run by Christopher Mcdougall - 9780307279187
  • McDougall, Christopher (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 304 Pages - 03/29/2011 (Publication Date) - Vintage (Publisher)
Bestseller No. 3
Tarahumara: Where Night is the Day of the Moon
  • Used Book in Good Condition
  • Fontana, Bernard L. (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 141 Pages - 09/01/1997 (Publication Date) - University of Arizona Press (Publisher)
Bestseller No. 4
The Running Revolution: How to Run Faster, Farther, and Injury-Free--for Life
  • Amazon Kindle Edition
  • Romanov, Nicholas (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 293 Pages - 09/30/2014 (Publication Date) - Penguin Books (Publisher)
Bestseller No. 5
Running Music Volume 5: Indian Runners
  • Audio CD – Audiobook
  • Runalogs (Publisher)
Bestseller No. 6
Run Free - The True Story of Caballo Blanco
  • Amazon Prime Video (Video on Demand)
  • Micah True, Christopher McDougall, Scott Jurek (Actors)
  • Sterling Noren (Director)
  • English (Playback Language)
  • English (Subtitle)
SaleBestseller No. 7
Yaktrax Medium (Shoe Size: W 10.5-12.5/M 9-11), Gray/Red
  • Traction cleats designed by runners specifically to fit over running shoes allowing users to continue training in winter
  • Made of combination of replaceable, 3mm carbide-steel spikes and 1.4mm stainless-steel coils to provide unbeatable traction
  • Provides 360 degrees of traction on cold surfaces for all-direction stability
  • Rubber foot frame with formed-toe and over-foot straps secures the runner’s foot in the device; reflective heel and side straps for safety
  • Tested safe from breakage in temperatures as low as -41 degrees F; available in S, M, L, and XL sizes to fit most shoes
SaleBestseller No. 8
Run for Your Life: How to Run, Walk, and Move Without Pain or Injury and Achieve a Sense of Well-Being and Joy
  • Hardcover Book
  • Cucuzzella MD, Mark (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 384 Pages - 09/18/2018 (Publication Date) - Knopf (Publisher)
SaleBestseller No. 9
The Running Indians: The Tarahumara of Mexico
  • Used Book in Good Condition
  • Lutz, Richard L. (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 91 Pages - 01/01/1989 (Publication Date) - Dimi Pr (Publisher)
Bestseller No. 10
Goshen
  • Amazon Prime Video (Video on Demand)
  • Chris McDougall, Daphne Miller, Tarahumara Tribe (Actors)
  • Dana Richardson (Director) - Sarah Zentz (Producer)
  • English (Playback Language)
  • English (Subtitle)

I get commissions for purchases made through links on this website. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.

Running the marathon barefoot

Abebe Bikila was a runner from Ethiopia who, running his first marathon won the Rome Olympics marathon on 10 September 1960 running barefoot without running shoes. He was a last minute addition to the Ethiopian team and the teams sponsor did not have enough time to organize running shoes for him and they had only two pairs left, of which neither was able to fitt him. He decided he would then run the race barefoot. At the subsequent Olympics in Tokyo in 1964, he again won the marathon, but did it this time wearing running shoes. He died in 1973 at the age of 41 from complications following a motor vehicle accident. Abebe Bikila is honored and revered in Ethiopia.

Abebe Bikila has a special place in the history of running, especially from those who advocate barefoot running as they hold him up as evidence that a marathon can be run barefoot. There was a fad a while back for doing away with running shoes and running barefoot. This was driven by a lot of websites, forums, books and social media commentary as something that was beneficial and better for runners. Lots of unsubstantiated claims was made for barefoot running, none of which stood up to subsequent scrutiny. This fad last a few years, probably peaking around 2013 with probably 25% of runners trying or dabbling it. The fad quickly dropped off when most who tried it got and injury or realized that it did not live up to all the claims that got made for it. It has now been relegated to the history books, with only a handful of hardcore barefoot runners still doing it.

There has been a lot of research done on barefoot running that those who like to support and advocate barefoot running offer as evidence that barefoot running was better than running in shoes. However, the research never showed that at all and was widely misinterpreted. All the research showed was that barefoot running was different to running in running shoes.

There were claims made that the first sub 2-hr marathon was going to be run barefoot. The folly of that claim is now obvious.

Advertisement:

SaleBestseller No. 1
WHITIN Men's Trail Running Shoes Minimalist Barefoot 5 Five Fingers Wide Width Toe Box Gym Workout Fitness Low Zero Drop Male Light Weight Comfy Lite Tennis FiveFingers Black Size 10
  • A wide toe box lets your toes spread and relax.
  • Produced using animal free products and processes.
  • Removable sockliner (insole) if you want a “more barefoot” feeling.
  • True rubber sole provides great protection while still getting the ground feedback.
  • Note, if between sizes, order next size down
SaleBestseller No. 2
Merrell Men's Vapor Glove 3 Trail Runner, Molten Lava, 10.5 M US
  • Mesh & TPU upper
  • Trailprotect pad for underfoot protection
  • Breathable mesh lining
  • Vibram TC5 outsole
  • Stack height (heel/toe): 6.5mm; footbed: 0mm; insole: 3mm; midsole: 0mm; sole: 1.5web, 2mm lugs
Bestseller No. 3
WHITIN Men's Trail Running Shoes Minimalist Barefoot 5 Five Fingers Wide Width Toe Box Gym Workout Fitness Low Zero Drop Male Sneakers Treadmill Free Athletic Ultra Black Size 11
  • Anatomical shape provides natural comfort.
  • Adaptive materials and minimalist construction.
  • Zero drop from heel to toe for a natural stride.
  • Our vegan friendly footwear uses 0% animal products.
  • Note, if between sizes, order next size down.
SaleBestseller No. 4
Merrell womens Vapor Glove 4 Sneaker, Black, 9 US
  • Vibram TC5+
  • Merrell Barefoot 2 construction for enhanced proprioception and stability during variable movement
  • Closure type is: Lace-Up
Bestseller No. 5
TSLA Men's Trail Running Shoes, Lightweight Athletic Zero Drop Barefoot Shoes, Non Slip Outdoor Walking Minimalist Shoes, Minimalist(bk40) - Blackout, 10
  • TSLA : Zero-Drop Cross-Trainer shoes designed for barefoot performance and outdoor trail activities
  • Alert : Choose 1/2 size down! We strongly recommend based on customer's reviews
  • ex: usual size MEN 7 (D) > MEN 6.5(D)
  • Slightly cushioned zero-drop sole : Offers barefoot feel of the terrain that stimulates and develops the bottom muscles of the foot for better stability.
  • Dura Nylon Band : For instep support and a enhanced tight fit.
Bestseller No. 6
Merrell Men's Trail Glove 5 Sneaker, Black, 12.0 M US
  • Vibram TC5+
  • Merrell Barefoot 2 construction for enhanced proprioception and stability during variable movement
Bestseller No. 7
Vibram Men's KSO EVO Cross Training Shoe,Black,43 EU/9.5-10.0 M US
  • Runs small, Go up a size
  • Lightly padded tongue & speed lacing system.Care - Machine Wash Cold / Air Dry
  • Serrated blade lug design.Select half size up or down
  • XS Trek Outsole
  • Zero Drop
SaleBestseller No. 8
Merrell womens Trail Glove 5 Sneaker, Black, 8.5 US
  • Vibram TC5+
  • Merrell Barefoot 2 construction for enhanced proprioception and stability during variable movement
SaleBestseller No. 9
New Balance Women's FuelCore Nergize V1 Sneaker, Black/Magnet, 7 W US
  • Midsole Cushioning: These New Balance sneakers feature a REVlite midsole that delivers incredibly lightweight cushioning and provides a responsive ride for comfortable all-day wear
  • Underfoot Comfort: With an NB Memory Sole Comfort Insert that offers a plush feel with every step, this everyday shoe for women was made for wearing anywhere and everywhere
  • Sleek Design and Supportive Fit: Stay comfortable and stylish as you go about your day with the contemporary bootie design. The bootie upper construction hugs your foot for a snug, supportive fit
  • Lightweight Feel: The modern, eye-catching upper on these cross-trainers uses mesh and synthetic materials for a super lightweight feel that helps keep you light on your feet
  • Find Your Ideal Style: The FuelCore Nergize sneaker is available in a range of colors to suit your personal taste and preferences for easy, no-fuss styling you can dress up or down with ease
Bestseller No. 10
ALEADER hiitave Men/Womens Minimalist Barefoot Trail Running Shoes Wide Toe Glove Cross Trainers Hiking Shoes Black/Gray/Yellow US 8/8.5 Women, US 7 Men
  • Five-toe box design running shoes help you feel like you're barefoot for lightweight comfort
  • Mesh and TPU upper provides lasting flexibility and breathable
  • Adjustable hook-and-loop closure at instep for a more secure fit
  • Machine washable. Air dry away from sun or heat source
  • Rubber outsole helps you get a steady tripd

I get commissions for purchases made through links on this website. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.

‘Minimal’ shoes may reduce running injuries

Press Release:

Runners who wear trainers with no cushioning and land on the ball of their foot rather than the heel put significantly less demand on their bodies, new research suggests.

Researchers compared how quickly the force acts when runners’ feet hit the ground — known as the loading rate — which has been shown to influence running injury risk.

The study of 29 runners found significantly lower loading rates for those who wore so-called minimal trainers and landed on the ball of their foot, compared to people in normal running shoes, regardless of whether the latter landed on the heel or ball of the foot.

Lead author Dr Hannah Rice, of the University of Exeter, said: “So many people use running as a means of reducing the risk of chronic diseases, but about three quarters of runners typically get injured in a year.

“Footwear is easily modifiable but many runners are misguided when it comes to buying new trainers. “This research shows that running in minimal shoes and landing on the balls of your feet reduces loading rates and may therefore reduce the risk of injury.”

Running continues to grow in popularity, and research aimed at reducing the high incidence of running-related injuries has been ongoing for decades — but injury rates have not fallen.

Modern-day runners in cushioned footwear tend to land on their heel — known as a “rearfoot strike” — while those who run in the natural barefoot state are more likely to land on the ball of their foot – a “forefoot strike”.

Rearfoot strike runners experience an abrupt vertical impact force each time the foot lands on the ground. This impact force is often missing when running with a forefoot strike, but previous research has shown that forward/backwards and sideways forces can be higher with a forefoot strike, meaning the total force is similar.

Total force seems to be similar between foot strikes if wearing modern, cushioned trainers.

Dr Rice said: “This seems to suggest that, for runners in traditional, cushioned running shoes, foot strike pattern may not matter for injury risk.

“However, we suspected that the same may not be true of runners who regularly use minimal shoes, which don’t have the cushioning provided by traditional running shoes.

“Our research tells us that becoming accustomed to running with a forefoot strike in shoes that lack cushioning promotes a landing with the lowest loading rates, and this may be beneficial in reducing the risk of injury”

Any transition to new footwear or to a different foot strike pattern should be undertaken gradually, and with guidance.

Advertisement:

SaleBestseller No. 1
WHITIN Men's Trail Running Shoes Minimalist Barefoot 5 Five Fingers Wide Width Toe Box Gym Workout Fitness Low Zero Drop Male Sneakers Treadmill Free Athletic Ultra Black Size 11
  • A wide toe box lets your toes spread and relax.
  • Produced using animal free products and processes.
  • Removable sockliner (insole) if you want a “more barefoot” feeling.
  • True rubber sole provides great protection while still getting the ground feedback.
  • Note, if between sizes, order next size down
SaleBestseller No. 2
Merrell Men's Vapor Glove 3 Sneaker, Black/Silver, 10 M US
  • Vibram TC5+
  • TrailProtect pad offers underfoot protection
Bestseller No. 3
ALEADER Minimalist Shoes for Women Barefoot Trail Running Shoes Five Fingers Dark Gray/Aqua 8-8.5 M US Women
  • SIZE GUIDE: For comfortable, please choose one size Bigger
  • Five-toe box design running shoes help you feel like you're barefoot for lightweight comfort.Mesh and TPU upper provides lasting flexibility and breathable
  • Adjustable hook-and-loop closure at instep for a more secure fit
  • Machine washable. Air dry away from sun or heat source
  • Specialized sole offers excellent grip properties on both dry and wet terrains while maintaining a higher level of durability, suitable for trekking and multisport as well as all season hiking and travel.
Bestseller No. 4
Merrell Men's Vapor Glove 4 Sneaker, Black, 10
  • Mesh Upper- Allows air to penetrate the fabric for a cool, comfortable environment.
  • M-Select FRESH- Antimicrobial agents reduce shoe odour for a fresher for longer feeling.
  • Hyperlock TPU Film Heel Counter- Locked-in, secure feel.
  • Traditional Lace Up System- Adjustable fit for added security.
  • Moulded Nylon Arch Shank- Supportive structure diminishes load on feet and calves.
Bestseller No. 5
WHITIN Men's Trail Running Shoes Minimalist Barefoot 5 Five Fingers Wide Width Toe Box Gym Workout Fitness Low Zero Drop Male Light Weight Comfy Lite Tennis FiveFingers Black Size 10
  • Anatomical shape provides natural comfort.
  • Adaptive materials and minimalist construction.
  • Zero drop from heel to toe for a natural stride.
  • Our vegan friendly footwear uses 0% animal products.
  • Note, if between sizes, order next size down.
SaleBestseller No. 6
adidas Women's Cloudfoam Pure Running Shoe, white/white/black, 11 Medium US
  • Women's specific fit
  • Cloudfoam memory sockliner and textile lining
  • Easy, everyday runners
  • Hugs the foot
Bestseller No. 7
TSLA Men's Trail Running Shoes, Lightweight Athletic Zero Drop Barefoot Shoes, Non Slip Outdoor Walking Minimalist Shoes, Minimalist(bk40) - Blackout, 10
  • TSLA : Zero-Drop Cross-Trainer shoes designed for barefoot performance and outdoor trail activities
  • Alert : Choose 1/2 size down! We strongly recommend based on customer's reviews
  • ex: usual size MEN 7 (D) > MEN 6.5(D)
  • Slightly cushioned zero-drop sole : Offers barefoot feel of the terrain that stimulates and develops the bottom muscles of the foot for better stability.
  • Dura Nylon Band : For instep support and a enhanced tight fit.
SaleBestseller No. 8
Merrell Men's Trail Glove 5 Sneaker, Turbulence, 11.0 M US
  • Vibram TC5+
  • Merrell Barefoot 2 construction for enhanced proprioception and stability during variable movement
Bestseller No. 9
Mens Womens Barefoot Gym Walking Trail Running Shoes Beach Hiking Wide Toe Box Water Shoes Aqua Sports Pool Surf Waterfall Climbing Quick Dry Black
  • Stretch breathable ultra-light material, flexible and comfortable.
  • Super lightweight and low top with speed elastic draw-string ties system, easy to put on and take off.
  • Strengthen toes protection structure design, rubber sole, preventing sand, sharp rocks, broken glass or other objects from entering the shoe, omnidirectional reduce injuries.
  • Lump lug design rubber outsole for superior grip and durability.
  • Suitable for running, walking, gym, fitness, training, pilates, jogging, biking, camping, cruise, boating, surfing, sailing, long-haul flight, vacation etc. This shoe is necessary equipment for holidays. NOTICE: SWAMP LAND is a series name of SAGUARO, the tag is different but the shoes are the same.
SaleBestseller No. 10
Merrell womens Vapor Glove 4 Sneaker, Black, 9 US
  • Vibram TC5+
  • Merrell Barefoot 2 construction for enhanced proprioception and stability during variable movement
  • Closure type is: Lace-Up

I get commissions for purchases made through links on this website. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.