Running in Tarahumara culture

Running in Tarahumara culture

Media Release:

“Running in Tarahumara (Rarámuri) Culture,” just published in Current Anthropology (v61, no. 3 (June 2020): 356-379) studies the Tarahumara Native Americans of northern Mexico. For over a century, the Tarahumara have been famous for their long distance running traditions and abilities, with many accounts claiming they have superhuman athletic abilities that partly result from being uncontaminated by westernization. Now an international team of researchers (including a champion Tarahumara runner) combine their own observations with detailed interviews of elderly Tarahumara runners to dispel these stereotypical myths, which they term the “fallacy of the athletic savage.” Lieberman and colleagues use accounts by Tarahumara runners to detail the various ways Tarahumara used to run for hours to hunt animals, and they describe how the Tarahumara still run traditional long distance races that, for men, involve chasing a small wooden ball and, for women, a hoop. While these many different kinds of running have important social dimensions, running is also a spiritually vital form of prayer for the Tarahumara. Further, contrary to the fallacy of the athletic savage, Tarahumara runners –both men and women– struggle just as much as runners from other cultures to run long distances, and instead of being the natural “superathletes” that some journalists have claimed, they develop their endurance from regular hard work and other endurance physical activities such as lots of walking and dancing.

###

Daniel E. Lieberman, Mickey Mahaffey, Silvino Cubesare Quimare, Nicholas B. Holowka, Ian J. Wallace, and Aaron L. Baggish, “Running in Tarahumara (Rarámuri) Culture: Persistence Hunting, Footracing, Dancing, Work, and the Fallacy of the Athletic Savage,” Current Anthropology 61, no. 3 (June 2020): 356-379.

Advertisement:

SaleBestseller No. 1
The Running Indians: The Tarahumara of Mexico
  • Used Book in Good Condition
  • Lutz, Richard L. (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 91 Pages - 01/01/1989 (Publication Date) - Dimi Pr (Publisher)
Bestseller No. 2
Rarajipari, the Kick Ball Race of the Tarahumara Indians.
  • Amazon Kindle Edition
  • Irigoyen MD, Fructuoso (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 63 Pages - 08/26/2012 (Publication Date) - Don Quixote Editions (Publisher)
Bestseller No. 3
Xero Shoes Genesis - Men's Barefoot Tarahumara Huarache Style Minimalist Lightweight Running Sandals
  • All the fun, freedom, and benefits of being barefoot, but with the protection and comfort you want. Xero Shoes come with our 5,000 mile warranty.
  • Perfect if you hike, walk, run, jog, work out, Cross Fit, yoga, raft, stand up paddle board, kayak, canoe, fly fish, even run ultra-marathons.
  • Better than a flip-flop, the easy-adjust lacing holds comfortably and securely around your foot without pressure points.
  • Super light weight. Flexible enough to roll up and fit in your pack or pocket. Zero-drop non-elevated heel for natural posture. 5.5mm non-marking sole.
  • NOTE: For the best chance of a correct fit, please measure your foot: 1) Place a piece of paper on the floor, against a wall; 2) Step on the paper, your heel against the wall; 3) Mark the paper in line with your longest toe; 4) Measure that length with a ruler; 5) Compare that length to the sizing chart (link, above). To REALLY ensure a correct fit, get printable templates of the exact sizes by contacting the Seller.
Bestseller No. 4
Huma Chia Energy Gel, Variety 12 Pack - Stomach Friendly, Real Food Energy Gels for Endurance Exercise
  • 100% ALL-NATURAL SPORTS NUTRITION – Fruit Puree. Powdered Chia Seeds. Brown Rice Syrup. You don't need a PhD to pronounce the ingredients in Hüma products. Gluten Free, Dairy Free, Vegan Friendly.
  • HAPPY STOMACHS – Give your stomach REAL FOOD it can easily process and watch your stomach problems disappear. Kiss dextrose and maltodextrin goodbye.
  • THEY ACTUALLY TASTE GOOD – Huma energy gels are the BEST-TASTING energy gels on the market. Made with fruit and natural sources of healthy carbs and protein - all 9 essential amino acids.
  • ACHIEVE YOUR BEST PERFORMANCE, NATURALLY – Huma Gel is made with finely milled Chia Seeds to help modulate an even energy output, and has a 2:1 ratio of short & long chain Glucose to Fructose for maximum carbohydrate uptake.
  • PRE & DURING RACE ENERGY SUPPLEMENT – Ideal for Runners, Cyclists, Triathletes, Endurance Athletes; No Caffeine: Strawberries, Apples & Cinnamon, Blueberries, Mangoes; Caffeine: Chocolate (25mg), Café Mocha (50mg), Raspberries (25mg), and Lemonade (25mg). Apples & Cinnamon and Chocolate are Out-Of-Stock.
Bestseller No. 5
Goshen
  • Amazon Prime Video (Video on Demand)
  • Chris McDougall, Daphne Miller, Tarahumara Tribe (Actors)
  • Dana Richardson (Director) - Sarah Zentz (Producer)
  • English (Playback Language)
  • English (Subtitle)
Bestseller No. 6
Tarahumara, Mexico
  • Amazon Prime Video (Video on Demand)
  • Joel Dommett, Nish Kumar (Actors)
  • English (Playback Language)
  • English (Subtitle)
SaleBestseller No. 7
GU Energy Original Sports Nutrition Energy Gel, 24-Count, Assorted Flavors
  • Variety Pack includes Chocolate Outrage, Salted Caramel, Vanilla Bean, Jet Blackberry, Tri-berry, and Strawberry Banana; caffeine varies by flavor. All flavors Vegan and Gluten Free.
  • The Original Sports Nutrition Energy Gel designed to help athletes perform their best; 100 calories and essential electrolytes in a portable packet
  • Dual source energy from maltodextrin and fructose that use non-competing pathways for efficient absorption and lasting energy
  • Use for training or racing; take one packet 5 minutes before and every 45 minutes during activity
  • Branched-chain amino acids to help decrease muscle damage and mental fatigue
Bestseller No. 8
Run Free - The True Story of Caballo Blanco
  • Micah True, Christopher McDougall, Barefoot Ted McDonald (Actors)
  • Sterling Noren (Director)
  • Audience Rating: R (Restricted)
Bestseller No. 9
The Running Revolution: How to Run Faster, Farther, and Injury-Free--for Life
  • Penguin Books
  • Romanov, Nicholas (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 240 Pages - 09/30/2014 (Publication Date) - Penguin Books (Publisher)
Bestseller No. 10
Born to Run
  • Amazon Kindle Edition
  • McDougall, Christopher (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 306 Pages - 05/04/2009 (Publication Date) - Vintage (Publisher)

I get commissions for purchases made through links on this website. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.

Running the marathon barefoot

Abebe Bikila was a runner from Ethiopia who, running his first marathon won the Rome Olympics marathon on 10 September 1960 running barefoot without running shoes. He was a last minute addition to the Ethiopian team and the teams sponsor did not have enough time to organize running shoes for him and they had only two pairs left, of which neither was able to fitt him. He decided he would then run the race barefoot. At the subsequent Olympics in Tokyo in 1964, he again won the marathon, but did it this time wearing running shoes. He died in 1973 at the age of 41 from complications following a motor vehicle accident. Abebe Bikila is honored and revered in Ethiopia.

Abebe Bikila has a special place in the history of running, especially from those who advocate barefoot running as they hold him up as evidence that a marathon can be run barefoot. There was a fad a while back for doing away with running shoes and running barefoot. This was driven by a lot of websites, forums, books and social media commentary as something that was beneficial and better for runners. Lots of unsubstantiated claims was made for barefoot running, none of which stood up to subsequent scrutiny. This fad last a few years, probably peaking around 2013 with probably 25% of runners trying or dabbling it. The fad quickly dropped off when most who tried it got and injury or realized that it did not live up to all the claims that got made for it. It has now been relegated to the history books, with only a handful of hardcore barefoot runners still doing it.

There has been a lot of research done on barefoot running that those who like to support and advocate barefoot running offer as evidence that barefoot running was better than running in shoes. However, the research never showed that at all and was widely misinterpreted. All the research showed was that barefoot running was different to running in running shoes.

There were claims made that the first sub 2-hr marathon was going to be run barefoot. The folly of that claim is now obvious.

Advertisement:

Bestseller No. 1
Inov-8 Men's Bare-XF 210 V3 - Minimal Barefoot Trail Running Shoes - Black/Gum - 10.5
  • ZERO DROP - Zero lift allow steady for deadlifts and stable footing so you can get that natural feel as near to being barefoot as you can without taking your shoes off.
  • WIDE TOE BOX - Plenty of space in the forefoot allows you to spread out the toes and provides a solid base for weightlifting so you can feel secure in your stance.
  • STICKY RUBBER GRIP - A patented stick rubber on the outsole guarantees a non-slip grip so you can feel confidence in your stance when weightlifting.
  • MINIMAL CUSHIONING - These lightweight trainers have minimal support so you can feel more balanced, agile and connected to the ground during indoor workouts for that true barefoot experience.
  • VERSATILE EVERYDAY SHOE - Perfect for everyday wear and multipurpose gym. These minimalist trainers are perfect for deadlifting and squatting.
SaleBestseller No. 2
WHITIN Men's Trail Running Shoes Minimalist Barefoot 5 Five Fingers Wide Width Toe Box Gym Workout Fitness Low Zero Drop Male Light Weight Comfy Lite Tennis FiveFingers Black Size 10
  • A wide toe box lets your toes spread and relax.
  • Produced using animal free products and processes.
  • Removable sockliner (insole) if you want a “more barefoot” feeling.
  • True rubber sole provides great protection while still getting the ground feedback.
  • Note, if between sizes, order next size down
Bestseller No. 3
Barefoot Running Step by Step: Barefoot Ken Bob, The Guru of Shoeless Running, Shares His Personal Technique For Running With More
  • Amazon Kindle Edition
  • Wallack, Roy (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 244 Pages - 05/01/2011 (Publication Date) - Fair Winds Press (Publisher)
SaleBestseller No. 4
TSLA Men's Trail Running Shoes, Lightweight Athletic Zero Drop Barefoot Shoes, Non Slip Outdoor Walking Minimalist Shoes, Barefoot Shoes Black & Grey, 10.5
  • Alert : True to size ! Recommend ordering usual shoe size
  • ex: usual size MEN 7 (D) > MEN 7(D)
  • TSLA's Zero-Drop Barefoot Shoes© designed for performance and outdoor trail activities.
  • [Slightly cushioned zero-drop sole] Offers barefoot feel of the terrain that stimulates and develops the bottom muscles the of foot for better stability.
  • [Dura Nylon Band] For instep support and a enhanced tight fit.
Bestseller No. 5
Barefoot Running: How to Run Light and Free by Getting in Touch with the Earth
  • Amazon Kindle Edition
  • Sandler, Michael (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 322 Pages - 09/20/2011 (Publication Date) - Crown (Publisher)
Bestseller No. 6
Nike Men's Free RN 2018 Nylon Running Shoes 8.5 Black/White
  • Circular-knit upper is made with spandex for natural movement.
  • Dynamic heel fit system supports from heel to ankle.
  • Tri-star outsole pattern adapts to your step for flexible cushioning.
  • Minimal, molded sockliner mimics the curvature of the foot to add support.
  • Anatomical heel is rounded to roll with the ground, promoting a more natural range of motion.
Bestseller No. 7
Barefoot Running – The Movie: How to Run Light and Free by Getting in Touch with the Earth (Visually Stunning, Includes Getting Started, Proper Form, Drills, Minimalist Footwear, Stretching and More) by Sandler and Lee (US VERSION – REGION FREE)
  • Everything You Need to Begin Running Barefoot or in Minimalist Shoes
  • 76 Minutes and 17 Chapters of Instruction and Inspiration for All Levels
  • Bonus Material plus English Subtitles - US VERSION - REGION FREE
  • Spectacular Cinematography Filmed on Maui, HI and Boulder, CO
  • Inspirational Music Including Grammy Award-Winning Musician
Bestseller No. 8
Running Barefoot
  • Used Book in Good Condition
  • Amy Harmon (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 439 Pages - 04/05/2012 (Publication Date) - CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform (Publisher)
Bestseller No. 9
Barefoot Walking: Free Your Feet to Minimize Impact, Maximize Efficiency, and Discover the Pleasure of Getting in Touch with the Earth
  • Harmony
  • Sandler, Michael (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 432 Pages - 03/26/2013 (Publication Date) - Harmony (Publisher)
Bestseller No. 10
Nike Womens Free RN Flyknit 2018 Running Athletic, Black/White (Black Upper), 9
  • The Nike Free RN Flyknit 2018 features a classic color combination on the innovative running shoe in women's sizing
  • The recrafted Free RN silhouette mimics the feeling of barefoot running while providing stellar protection for the foot
  • The sock-like fit is updated with more stretch, while the lightweight sole supports the foot's natural movement with a state-of-the-art auxetic tri-star pattern
  • Dressed with a lightweight Flyknit upper shaded in black, the side Swoosh makes its presence known in white

I get commissions for purchases made through links on this website. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.

‘Minimal’ shoes may reduce running injuries

Press Release:

Runners who wear trainers with no cushioning and land on the ball of their foot rather than the heel put significantly less demand on their bodies, new research suggests.

Researchers compared how quickly the force acts when runners’ feet hit the ground — known as the loading rate — which has been shown to influence running injury risk.

The study of 29 runners found significantly lower loading rates for those who wore so-called minimal trainers and landed on the ball of their foot, compared to people in normal running shoes, regardless of whether the latter landed on the heel or ball of the foot.

Lead author Dr Hannah Rice, of the University of Exeter, said: “So many people use running as a means of reducing the risk of chronic diseases, but about three quarters of runners typically get injured in a year.

“Footwear is easily modifiable but many runners are misguided when it comes to buying new trainers. “This research shows that running in minimal shoes and landing on the balls of your feet reduces loading rates and may therefore reduce the risk of injury.”

Running continues to grow in popularity, and research aimed at reducing the high incidence of running-related injuries has been ongoing for decades — but injury rates have not fallen.

Modern-day runners in cushioned footwear tend to land on their heel — known as a “rearfoot strike” — while those who run in the natural barefoot state are more likely to land on the ball of their foot – a “forefoot strike”.

Rearfoot strike runners experience an abrupt vertical impact force each time the foot lands on the ground. This impact force is often missing when running with a forefoot strike, but previous research has shown that forward/backwards and sideways forces can be higher with a forefoot strike, meaning the total force is similar.

Total force seems to be similar between foot strikes if wearing modern, cushioned trainers.

Dr Rice said: “This seems to suggest that, for runners in traditional, cushioned running shoes, foot strike pattern may not matter for injury risk.

“However, we suspected that the same may not be true of runners who regularly use minimal shoes, which don’t have the cushioning provided by traditional running shoes.

“Our research tells us that becoming accustomed to running with a forefoot strike in shoes that lack cushioning promotes a landing with the lowest loading rates, and this may be beneficial in reducing the risk of injury”

Any transition to new footwear or to a different foot strike pattern should be undertaken gradually, and with guidance.

Advertisement:

SaleBestseller No. 1
WHITIN Men's Trail Running Shoes Minimalist Barefoot 5 Five Fingers Wide Width Toe Box Gym Workout Fitness Low Zero Drop Male Sneakers Treadmill Free Athletic Ultra Black Size 11
  • A wide toe box lets your toes spread and relax.
  • Produced using animal free products and processes.
  • Removable sockliner (insole) if you want a “more barefoot” feeling.
  • True rubber sole provides great protection while still getting the ground feedback.
  • Note, if between sizes, order next size down
SaleBestseller No. 2
Merrell Men's Trail Glove 5 Sneaker, Black, 11.0 M US
  • Mesh Upper- Allows air to penetrate the fabric for a cool, comfortable environment.
  • M-Select FRESH- Antimicrobial agents reduce shoe odour for a fresher for longer feeling.
  • Hyperlock TPU Film Heel Counter- Locked-in, secure feel.
  • Traditional Lace Up System- Adjustable fit for added security.
  • Moulded Nylon Arch Shank- Supportive structure diminishes load on feet and calves.
SaleBestseller No. 3
TSLA Men's Trail Running Shoes, Lightweight Athletic Zero Drop Barefoot Shoes, Non Slip Outdoor Walking Minimalist Shoes, Barefoot Shoes Black & Grey, 10.5
  • Alert : True to size ! Recommend ordering usual shoe size
  • ex: usual size MEN 7 (D) > MEN 7(D)
  • TSLA's Zero-Drop Barefoot Shoes© designed for performance and outdoor trail activities.
  • [Slightly cushioned zero-drop sole] Offers barefoot feel of the terrain that stimulates and develops the bottom muscles the of foot for better stability.
  • [Dura Nylon Band] For instep support and a enhanced tight fit.
SaleBestseller No. 4
WHITIN Men's Trail Running Shoes Minimalist Barefoot 5 Five Fingers Wide Width Size 8 Toe Box Gym Workout Fitness Low Zero Drop Male Walking Trainer Cross Training Black Gum 40
  • Padded rear collar pad for achilles comfort.
  • 5 mm POWER FOOTBED for underfoot cushioning.
  • Engineered knit upper for a sock-like fit and flexible feel.
  • Zero-drop, non-elevated sole for proper posture and balance.
  • Sticky-grip rubber outsole combines grip, traction, and durability for trail-ready performance.
Bestseller No. 5
Inov-8 Men's Bare-XF 210 V3 - Minimal Barefoot Trail Running Shoes - Black/Gum - 10.5
  • ZERO DROP - Zero lift allow steady for deadlifts and stable footing so you can get that natural feel as near to being barefoot as you can without taking your shoes off.
  • WIDE TOE BOX - Plenty of space in the forefoot allows you to spread out the toes and provides a solid base for weightlifting so you can feel secure in your stance.
  • STICKY RUBBER GRIP - A patented stick rubber on the outsole guarantees a non-slip grip so you can feel confidence in your stance when weightlifting.
  • MINIMAL CUSHIONING - These lightweight trainers have minimal support so you can feel more balanced, agile and connected to the ground during indoor workouts for that true barefoot experience.
  • VERSATILE EVERYDAY SHOE - Perfect for everyday wear and multipurpose gym. These minimalist trainers are perfect for deadlifting and squatting.
Bestseller No. 6
BIOM AEX Trainer,WHITE/BLACK,8-8.5
  • Crafted from textiles and synthetics for a durable, yet flexible upper that allows freedom of movement
  • BIOM technology guides your foot as if it were barefoot
  • Modern style designed with colour fading print and a two-tone design
  • Soft and lightweight ECCO PHORENE midsole is designed to give comfortable all-day wear and energy return with every step, rubber outsole for durability and grip
  • Engineered with ECCO BIOM technology for anatomical fit and a low profile, keeping you closer to the ground for stability
SaleBestseller No. 7
Oranginer Men's Barefoot Running Shoes Minimalist Big Toe Box Zero Drop Shoes for Men Gray/Red Size 11
  • Wide Toe Box Design - Wide enough toe box allows your toes to relax and spread out naturally for more comfort and stability in uphill climbs and downhill descents, helping with balance and giving you better feedback from the ground.
  • Barefoot Inspired - Wearing this barefoot you’ll engage your feet more, and strengthen the muscle fibers that get neglected when you’re all laced up. With stronger accessory muscles in the foot, injury rates were expected to drop and running efficiency would improve.
  • Lightweight & Flexible - The flexible synthetic mesh upper provide breathability when you are doing workout or running, breathable mesh design and insoles can keep your feet away from damp conditions.
  • Various Activities - This trail running shoes are suitable for many occasions, such as walking,training, running, jogging, physical exercises, daily gym sports and so on. You can also wear it as a water shoe.
  • WARRANTEE & CUSTOMER SERVICE - We produce every pair of shoes responsibly. We trust that you will enjoy our shoes so all of our shoes come with a 12 months Warrantee. If for any reason you are not entirely satisfied, please contact us.
Bestseller No. 8
Merrell Men's Vapor Glove 4 Sneaker, Black, 10
  • Mesh Upper- Allows air to penetrate the fabric for a cool, comfortable environment.
  • M-Select FRESH- Antimicrobial agents reduce shoe odour for a fresher for longer feeling.
  • Hyperlock TPU Film Heel Counter- Locked-in, secure feel.
  • Traditional Lace Up System- Adjustable fit for added security.
  • Moulded Nylon Arch Shank- Supportive structure diminishes load on feet and calves.
Bestseller No. 9
Merrell womens Vapor Glove 4 Sneaker, Black, 9 US
  • Vibram TC5+
  • Merrell Barefoot 2 construction for enhanced proprioception and stability during variable movement
  • Closure type is: Lace-Up
Bestseller No. 10
Vibram Men's V Running Shoe, Black/Yellow, 43 EU/9.5-10 M US
  • Minimalist running shoe featuring perforated upper with adjustable pull tab and cord closure
  • VI-Lite Midsole with XS Run outsole rubber compound
  • Mont Compound rubber pads in the outsole. INSOLE: 2mm EVA Anti-Microbial Drilex Sockliner, MIDSOLE: 4mm EVA
  • Please be aware this product runs one size large. Please size down 1 size from your normal VFF size

I get commissions for purchases made through links on this website. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.